What is Local Loop Unbundling?

Local Loop Unbundling (LLU or LLUB) describes the regulatory process where the incumbent operator makes the copper cables that run from the telephone exchange to the customer premises available to other service providers.

In most cases just the broadband element of the connection is unbundled, this means the user receives broadband from one Internet Service Provider (ISP) while retaining an incumbent voice telephone line for making calls. The consumer will still have to pay a monthly line rental to the incumbent along with a payment to the ISP.

LLU isn’t available to everyone and depends on the demand in the area. More telephone exchanges are being unbundled so more customers can switch to LLU.

Some LLU providers have faced problems switching customers over to their equipment. It is not always a seamless process and has left some people without any connection at all for weeks.

Migrating to another service provider has also proved to be difficult for many customers leading to very confused and angry user

Benefits of unbundling:

Disadvantages:

Faster Services may be available

Loss of service

Cheaper prices Fault reporting and resolution more difficult
TV Channels Tied to the supplier for XX years
Video on Demand  Two bills / Invoices
Bundled packages (voice, Broadband, TV)  

LLU Countries:

Country

ILEC

ISP

ISP

ISP

ISP 

ISP 

 ISP

ISP 

 ISP

France France Telecom  Neuf Cegetel  COLT Telecom France  AT&T France Verizon Business France Completel France Erenis Free Hub Telecom
Italy Telecom Italia  Infostrada  FASTWEB (Swisscom)  Tiscali SpA TeleTu        
                   
Poland Telecom Poland Netia  GTS Poland  Dialog TeleKomunikacja Kolejowa        
                   
Russia MMT CBOSS  Dagsvyazinform  Dalsvyaz Telecom Moscow City Telephone Network Northe West Telecom Siberia Telecom Southern Telecom Volga Telecom
South Africa Telkom  Vodacom  MNT  Neotel          
United Kingdom British Telecom Virgin Orange Talk Talk COLT Cable & Wireless Tiscali    
USA  AT&T  Integra Telecom  Qwest  Pac-West Verizon Communications Excel Communications Fairpoint Communications Centurylink ACN Inc.